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2010年,世界上有史以来最成功的高尔夫球手老虎.伍兹正在位于美国亚利桑那州一家著名的物理诊所治疗性瘾,费用高达4000美元(约合人民币2.7万)一晚,整个治疗计划在4-5周内完成。

他要治疗的性瘾,究竟是什么东西?为何要花费这么多时间精力去戒除?

性瘾指个体出现强烈的、被迫的连续或周期性的性冲动行为。

今天我们就探讨下性瘾的一个分支–自慰上瘾是怎么回事,具体有哪些表现。

首先我们要知道频繁自慰是种上瘾行为,性的欲望和动机来自于一种叫多巴胺的物质。多巴胺使大脑中的奖赏机制活跃起来。它使我们感受到欲望和快感,也是它使我们上瘾。

上瘾情况下,一旦长时间得不到性满足,会自发感到焦虑和痛苦,为了让这种痛苦能够结束,上瘾者大多会选择再次自慰来暂时缓解戒断症状,而大脑进入这种模式时基本不受自我控制。

人容易出现性冲动、将很多时间用来性幻想(也就是通常说的意淫)、自慰频率很高。

上瘾程度高的人,大多成了一种病态,以自慰来应对生活中压力与不好的情绪、来打发无聊独处的时间,最终形成心理依赖。

判断标准:

1. 频率越来越高

2. 戒断后会痛苦

3. 难以控制,几乎不能减少频率次数

4. 对女性过分关注和敏感

5. 常常明明没有什么欲念、大脑还是强迫性地进行这一行为

6. 明明知道这个东西损害身心,还是停不下来

这6点,可以让你对自己是否上瘾,有个明确的判断。

后面会持续更新上瘾机制的第二、第三部分,感兴趣可以继续关注。